International Phonetic Alphabet

Click IPA symbols for audio.

All recordings by Colter McAddis.

Consonants

Pulmonic consonants

↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPalato-
alveolar
RetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalVelarUvularPharyngealGlottal
Stopp b  t d ʈ ɖ c ɟk gq ɢʡʔ
Nasalmɱ n ɳ ɲŋɴ  
Affricate   ts dz        
Fricativeɸ βf vθ ðs zʃ ʒʂ ʐɕ ʑç ʝx ɣχ ʁħ ʕh ɦ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ jɰ  
Tap  ɾ ɽ      
Trillʙ  r     ʀʜ ʢ 
Lateral fricative   ɬ ɮ        
Lateral approximant   l ɭ ʎʟ   
Lateral tap   ɺ     

Coarticulated consonants

↓Manner/Place→ Labiovelar Velarized
alveolar lateral
Labialized
palatal
Approximant ʍ w ɫ ɥ

Non-pulmonic consonants

↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palato-
alveolar
Retroflex Palato-
alveolar
Palatal Velar Uvular
Implosives ɓ ɗ ʄ ɠ ʛ
Ejectives ʈʼ
Clicks ʘ ǀ ǁ ǃ ǂ

Vowels

IPA vowel chart
FrontNear-​frontCentralNear-​backBack
High
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i  y
ɨ  ʉ
ɯ  u
ɪ  ʏ
  ʊ
e  ø
ɘ  ɵ
ɤ  o
  
ə  
  
ɛ  œ
ɜ  ɞ
ʌ  ɔ
æ  
  
ɐ  
a  ɶ
ä  ɒ̈
ɑ  ɒ
Near- high
High- mid
Mid
Low- mid
Near- Low
Low


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