Vulgar: Language generator

International Phonetic Alphabet Sounds

Click IPA symbols for audio.

All recordings by Colter McAddis.

Consonants

Pulmonic consonants

↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPostalveolarRetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalVelarUvularPharyngealGlottal
Stop p Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Swahili
Turkish
 b Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
    t Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
 d Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
  ʈ Bengali
Hindi
Javanese
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Punjabi (India)
Somali
 ɖ Bengali
Hindi
Javanese
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Punjabi (India)
Somali
  c Bulgarian
Czech
Khamer
Latvian
Macedonian
Slovak
Vietnamese
 ɟ Corsican (France)
Friulian (Italy)
Irish
Latvian
Macedonian
Slovak
k Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Italian
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Swahili
Turkish
 g Dutch
English
French
German
Italian
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
q Arabic
Chechen
Quechuan (the Andes)
Somali
Uzbek
ǃXóõ (Bostswana)
 ɢ Mongolian
Tabasaran (Russia)
ǃXóõ (Bostswana)
ʡ Amis (Taiwan)
Archi (russia)
Dahalo (Kenya)
ʔ Arabic
Burmese
Hawaiian
Hebrew
Nahuatl (Aztecs)
Pirahã (Amazonian)
Thai
Nasal m Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
ɱ Kukuya (Congo)   n Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
  ɳ Javanese
Norwegian
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Punjabi (India)
  ɲBasque
French
Italian
Javanese
Lativan
Somali
Polish
Portuguese
Spanish
ŋ Bengali
Chinese
Danish
English
Finnish
German
Indonesian
Irish
Korean
Norwegian
Punjabi (India)
Swahili
Thai
Uzbek
Vietnamese
ɴ Japanese
Mapos Buang (Papua New Guinea)
   
Affricate       ts Catalan (Spain)
German
Hebrew
Luxembourgish
Serbo-Croatian
Ukrainian
 dz Catalan (Spain)
Hungarian
Latvian
Polish
Ukrainian
Czech
German
English
Italian
Persian
Punjabi (India)
Spanish
 Arabic
English
Italian
Persian
Punjabi (India)
Ukrainian
  Korean
Russian
Serbo-Croatian
Thai
 Korean
Serbo-Croatian
         
Fricative ɸ Bengali
Maori (New Zealand)
 β Sardinian (Italy)
Hopi (North America)
f Chinese
English
German
Greek
French
Hewbrew
Hindi
Persian
Polish
Punjabi (India)
Russian
Spanish
 v Dutch
English
German
Greek
French
Hewbrew
Hindi
Italian
Persian
Polish
Punjabi (India)
Russian
Turkish
θ English
Welsh
Spanish
Swahili
Arabic
Hebrew
 ð English
Welsh
Spanish
Swahili
Arabic
Albanian
s Arabic
Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
 z Arabic
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Turkish
ʃ Albanian
Arabic
Bulgarian
Czech
Dutch
English
French
German
Irish
Latvian
Persian
Portuguese
Punjabi (India)
Swahili
Yiddish
 ʒ Czech
Dutch
English
French
Hungarian
Latvian
Macedonian
Navajo
Persian
Portuguese
Turkish
Ukrainian
ʂ Chinese
Russian
Polish
Norwegian
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Vietnamese
 ʐ Russian
Polish
Pashto (Afghanistan)
ɕ Lower Sorbian (Germany)
Russian
Swedish
Tibetan
 ʑ Adyghe (Russia)
Lower Sorbian (Germany)
Kabardian (Turkey)
Russian
ç Irish
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Welsh
 ʝ Spanish
Scottish Gaelic
Pashto (Afghanistan)
x Arabic
Chinese
Czech
Ducth
German
Greek
Irish
Persian
Polish
Russian
Scottish Gaelic
Spanish
Vietnamese
 ɣ Arabic
Greek
Irish
Low German
Navajo
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Scottish Gaelic
Urdu (Pakistan)
χ Arabic
Hebrew
Luxembourgish
Welsh
Yiddish
 ʁ Danish
French
Hebrew
Portuguese
ħ Arabic
Hebrew
Kabardian (Turkey)
Kurdish
Maltese
ʕ Arabic
Hebrew
Kurdish
Somali
hArabic
Chinese
English
French
German
Hebrew
Italian
Japanese
Korean
Persian
 ɦ Hindi
Punjabi (India)
Slovak
Approximant   ʋ Dutch
Finnish
Hawaiian
Hindi
Norwegian
Urdu (Pakistan)
  ɹ Vietnamese
Burmese
Assamese (India)
  ɻ Chinese
Tamil (India)
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Punjabi (India)
Warlpiri (Australia)
  j Arabic
Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Hebrew
Italian
Korean
Persian
Russian
Spanish
ɰ Cherokee
Guarani (Paraguay)
Tiwi (Australia)
   
Tap   Bana (Cameroon)
Mono (Congo)
  ɾ Hindi
Persian
Scottish Gaelic
Spanish
Tagalog (Phillipines)
  ɽ Bengali
Javanese
Punjabi (India)
           
Trill ʙ Mangbetu (Congo)
Ninde (Vanuatu)
    r Arabic
Armenian
Czech
Finnish
Italian
Polish
Slovak
Spanish
Ukranian
Welsh
          ʀ French (some dialects)
German
ʜ Aghul (Russia)
Chechen
Dahalo (Kenya)
ʢ Aghul (Russia)
 
Lateral fricative       ɬ Navajo
Welsh
Zulu
 ɮ Mongolian
Zulu
               
Lateral approximant       lArabic
English
Filipino
Greek
Italian
Japanese
Korean
Persian
Polish
Russian
  ɭJavanese
Norwegian
Tamil (India)
Warlpiri (Australia)
  ʎ Basque
Portuguese
Spanish
Turkish
Yiddish
ʟ Melpa (Papua New Guinea)
Yagaria (Papua New Guinea)
     
Lateral tap       ɺ Ache (Paraguay)
Cubeo (Colombia)
Wayuu (Colombia)
         

Coarticulated consonants

↓Manner/Place→ Labiovelar Velarized
alveolar lateral
Labialized
palatal
Approximant ʍ English
Welsh
w Arabic
English
French
Italian
Japanese
Korean
Portuguese
Tagolog
Ukrainian
ɫ Lithuanian
Kurdish
ɥ Iaai (New Caledonia)
Kurdish
Upper Sorbian (Germany)

Non-pulmonic consonants

↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palato-
alveolar
Retroflex Palato-
alveolar
Palatal Velar Uvular
Implosives ɓ Khamer
Mono (Congo)
Vietnamese
Zulu
ɗ Khamer
Mono (Congo)
Vietnamese
Saraiki (Pakistan) ʄ Swahili
Saraiki (Pakistan)
ɠ Swahili
Saraiki (Pakistan)
ʛ Mam (Mexico)
Ixil (Guatemala)
Ejectives Chechen
Georgian
Kabardian (Turkey)
Quechuan (the Andes)
Georgian
Haida (Canada)
Kabardian (Turkey)
ʈʼ Gwich’in (Alaska) Gwich’in (Alaska) Georgian
Haida (Canada)
Tlingit (Alaska)
Georgian
Haida (Canada)
Tlingit (Alaska)
Clicks ʘ ǂ’Amkoe (Botswana)
ǃXóõ (Botswana)
ǀ Hadza (Tanzania)
Khoekhoe (Namibia)
Zulu
ǁ Hadza (Tanzania)
Khoekhoe (Namibia)
Zulu
ǃ Hadza (Tanzania)
Khoekhoe (Namibia)
Xhosa (Zimbabwe)
Zulu
ǂ ǂ’Amkoe (Botswana)
Khoekhoe (Namibia)
Naro (Botswana)
Yeyi (Namibia)

Vowels

IPA vowel chart
FrontNear-​frontCentralNear-​backBack
High
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ä  ɒ̈
Near- high
High- mid
Mid
Low- mid
Near- Low
Low