International Phonetic Alphabet Sounds

See also the IPA fonts page.

Consonants

↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPostalveolarRetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalVelarUvularPharyngealGlottal
Stopp Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Swahili
Turkish
 b Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
  t Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
 d Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
 ʈ Bengali
Hindi
Javanese
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Punjabi (India)
Somali
 ɖ Bengali
Hindi
Javanese
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Punjabi (India)
Somali
 c Bulgarian
Czech
Khmer
Latvian
Macedonian
Slovak
Vietnamese
 ɟ Corsican (France)
Friulian (Italy)
Irish
Latvian
Macedonian
Slovak
k Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Italian
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Swahili
Turkish
 ɡ English
French
German
Italian
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
q Arabic
Chechen
Quechuan (the Andes)
Somali
Uzbek
ǃXóõ (Bostswana)
 ɢ Mongolian
Tabasaran (Russia)
ǃXóõ (Bostswana)
ʡ Amis (Taiwan)
Archi (Russia)
Dahalo (Kenya)
ʔ Arabic
Burmese
Hawaiian
Hebrew
Nahuatl (Aztecs)
Pirahã (Amazonian)
Thai
Nasalm Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
ɱ Kukuya (Congo) n Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
 ɳ Javanese
Norwegian
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Punjabi (India)
 ɲBasque
French
Italian
Javanese
Latvian
Somali
Polish
Portuguese
Spanish
ŋ Bengali
Chinese
Danish
English
Finnish
German
Indonesian
Irish
Korean
Norwegian
Punjabi (India)
Swahili
Thai
Uzbek
Vietnamese
ɴ Japanese
Mapos Buang (Papua New Guinea)
  
Affricate   ʦ Catalan (Spain)
German
Hebrew
Luxembourgish
Serbo-Croatian
Ukrainian
 ʣ Catalan (Spain)
Hungarian
Latvian
Polish
Ukrainian
ʧ Czech
German
English
Italian
Persian
Punjabi (India)
Spanish
 ʤ Arabic
English
Italian
Persian
Punjabi (India)
Ukrainian
 ʨ Korean
Russian
Serbo-Croatian
Thai
 ʥ Korean
Serbo-Croatian
     
Fricativeɸ Bengali
Maori (New Zealand)
 β Sardinian (Italy)
Hopi (North America)
f Chinese
English
German
Greek
French
Hebrew
Hindi
Persian
Polish
Punjabi (India)
Russian
Spanish
 v Dutch
English
German
Greek
French
Hebrew
Hindi
Italian
Persian
Polish
Punjabi (India)
Russian
Turkish
θ English
Welsh
Spanish
Swahili
Arabic
Hebrew
 ð English
Welsh
Spanish
Swahili
Arabic
Albanian
s Arabic
Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Spanish
Turkish
 z Arabic
Dutch
English
French
German
Japanese
Persian
Russian
Turkish
ʃ Albanian
Arabic
Bulgarian
Czech
English
French
German
Irish
Latvian
Persian
Portuguese
Punjabi (India)
Swahili
Yiddish
 ʒ Czech
English
French
Hungarian
Latvian
Macedonian
Navajo
Persian
Portuguese
Turkish
Ukrainian
ʂ Chinese
Russian
Polish
Norwegian
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Vietnamese
 ʐ Russian
Polish
Pashto (Afghanistan)
ɕ Lower Sorbian (Germany)
Russian
Swedish
Tibetan
 ʑ Adyghe (Russia)
Lower Sorbian (Germany)
Kabardian (Turkey)
Russian
ç Irish
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Welsh
 ʝ Spanish
Scottish Gaelic
Pashto (Afghanistan)
x Arabic
Chinese
Czech
Dutch
German
Greek
Irish
Persian
Polish
Russian
Scottish Gaelic
Spanish
Vietnamese
 ɣ Arabic
Greek
Irish
Low German
Navajo
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Scottish Gaelic
Urdu (Pakistan)
χ Arabic
Hebrew
Luxembourgish
Welsh
Yiddish
 ʁ Danish
French
Hebrew
Portuguese
ħ Arabic
Hebrew
Kabardian (Turkey)
Kurdish
Maltese
ʕ Arabic
Hebrew
Kurdish
Somali
hArabic
Chinese
English
French
German
Hebrew
Italian
Japanese
Korean
Persian
 ɦ Hindi
Punjabi (India)
Slovak
Approximant ʋ Dutch
Finnish
Hawaiian
Hindi
Norwegian
Urdu (Pakistan)
 ɹ Vietnamese
Burmese
Assamese (India)
 ɻ Chinese
Tamil (India)
Pashto (Afghanistan)
Punjabi (India)
Warlpiri (Australia)
 j Arabic
Chinese
Dutch
English
French
German
Hebrew
Italian
Korean
Persian
Russian
Spanish
ɰ Cherokee
Guarani (Paraguay)
Tiwi (Australia)
  
Tap Bana (Cameroon)
Mono (Congo)
 ɾ Hindi
Japanese
Persian
Scottish Gaelic
Spanish
Tagalog (Philippines)
 ɽ Bengali
Javanese
Punjabi (India)
      
Trillʙ Mangbetu (Congo)
Ninde (Vanuatu)
  r Arabic
Armenian
Czech
Finnish
Italian
Polish
Slovak
Spanish
Ukrainian
Welsh
     ʀ French (some dialects)
German
ʜ Aghul (Russia)
Chechen
Dahalo (Kenya)
ʢ Aghul (Russia)
 
Lateral fricative   ɬ Navajo
Welsh
Zulu
 ɮ Mongolian
Zulu
        
Lateral approximant   lArabic
English
Filipino
Greek
Italian
Korean
Persian
Polish
Russian
 ɭJavanese
Norwegian
Tamil (India)
Warlpiri (Australia)
 ʎ Basque
Portuguese
Spanish
Turkish
Yiddish
ʟ Melpa (Papua New Guinea)
Yagaria (Papua New Guinea)
   
Lateral tap   ɺ Ache (Paraguay)
Cubeo (Colombia)
Wayuu (Colombia)
     

ɡ vs. g

Be aware that the IPA symbol for ɡ is a different Unicode symbol to the g on your keyboard.

Coarticulated consonants

↓Manner/Place→LabiovelarVelarized
alveolar lateral
Labialized
palatal
Approximantʍ English
Welsh
w Arabic
English
French
Italian
Japanese
Korean
Portuguese
Tagalog
Ukrainian
ɫ Lithuanian
Kurdish
ɥ Iaai (New Caledonia)
Kurdish
Upper Sorbian (Germany)

Non-pulmonic consonants

↓Manner/Place→BilabialDentalAlveolarRetroflexPalatalVelarUvular
Implosivesɓ Khmer
Mono (Congo)
Vietnamese
Zulu
ɗ Khmer
Mono (Congo)
Vietnamese
Saraiki (Pakistan)ʄ Swahili
Saraiki (Pakistan)
ɠ Swahili
Saraiki (Pakistan)
ʛ Mam (Mexico)
Ixil (Guatemala)
EjectivesChechen
Georgian
Kabardian (Turkey)
Quechuan (the Andes)
Georgian
Haida (Canada)
Kabardian (Turkey)
ʈʼ Gwich’in (Alaska)Gwich’in (Alaska)Georgian
Haida (Canada)
Tlingit (Alaska)
Georgian
Haida (Canada)
Tlingit (Alaska)
Clicksʘ ǂ’Amkoe (Botswana)
ǃXóõ (Botswana)
ǀ Hadza (Tanzania)
Khoekhoe (Namibia)
Zulu
ǃ Hadza (Tanzania)
Khoekhoe (Namibia)
Xhosa (Zimbabwe)
Zulu
ǁ Hadza (Tanzania)
Khoekhoe (Namibia)
Zulu
ǂ ǂ’Amkoe (Botswana)
Khoekhoe (Namibia)
Naro (Botswana)
Yeyi (Namibia)

Vowels

IPA vowel chart
FrontNear-​frontCentralNear-​backBack
High
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
  
  
  
Near- high
High- mid
Mid
Low- mid
Near- Low
Low

a vs. ä

Many well known languages, such as Spanish and Italian, have the vowel ä. However this vowel very is often simply written as a, so long as the language doesn't have true a, and so long as it is specified that a represents a "central low" vowel for the purpose of the document. This is a fairly normal practice among linguists, to avoid excessive diacritic usage. It may happen with other vowels, and even consonants, although it more common with vowels, and particularly common with this vowel.

IPA for English

Note: Diphthongs (vowels that are made up of two different vowel sounds) do not have their own dedicated audio recordings.

IPAexamples
bbut, web, rubble
ʧchat, teach, nature
ddot, idea, nod
ffan, left, enough, photo
ɡget, bag
hham
ʤjoy, agile, age
kcat, tack
lleft
mman, animal, him
nnote, ant, pan
ŋsinger, ring
ppen, spin, top, apple
ɹrun, very
sset, list, ice
ʃash, sure, ration
tton, butt
θthin, nothing, moth
ðthis, father, clothe
vvoice, navel
wwet
jyes
zzoo, quiz, rose
ʒvision, treasure
IPAexamples
BritishGeneral AmericanCanadianAustralianNew Zealand
ɑːɑɒɐːfather, palm
æ, aæɛbad, cat, ran
æɹɛɹ, æɹɛɹæɹɛɹcarry
eɪ, ɛieɪæeday, pain
ɑːɑɹɐːarm, bard
ɛə, ɛːɛɹ, eɹɛɹeəhair, there
ɛebed
ɛɹeɹmerry
iease, see
ɪɪ, iɘsit, city, bit
ɪicity, very, ready
ɪ̈, ɨəɘroses
ɪə, ɪːɪɹ, iɹɪə, ɪːiənear, here, serious
aɪ, ɑiaɪaɪ, ʌɪɑemy, rice
ɒ, ɔɑɒɔɒ, ɔnot, wasp
əʊoʊəʉɐʉno, go, hope
ɔə, ɔː, oɹ, ɔɹɔɹhoarse
ɔː, ɔɒlaw, caught
ɔː, ɔɹhorse
ɔɪ, oiɔɪoeboy, noise
ʊput, foot
ʊə, ɵːʊɹʊəʉətour, tourism
uʉːlose, soon, through
aʊaʊ, ʌʊæohouse, now
ʌɐːrun, enough, up
ɜːɝ, əɹɝɜːɵːfur, bird
əɘabout
əɚəɘwinner, enter